Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers Cycloidal gearbox contain four fundamental components: a high-speed input shaft, an individual or compound cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In compound reducers, the first an eye on the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam followers in the housing. Cylindrical cam followers act as teeth on the inner gear, and the amount of cam fans exceeds the amount of cam lobes. The second track of compound cam lobes engages with cam supporters on the output shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the output shaft, thus raising torque and reducing rate.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes offer ratios ranging from only 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking levels, as in standard planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound decrease and can be calculated using:
where nhsg = the amount of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the quantity for followers or rollers in the slow quickness output shaft (flange).
There are several commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations are based on gear geometry, heat therapy, and finishing processes, cycloidal variations share fundamental design principles but generate cycloidal movement in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made up of three basic force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or more satellite or planet gears, and an interior ring gear. In a typical gearbox, the sun equipment attaches to the input shaft, which is connected to the servomotor. The sun gear transmits engine rotation to the satellites which, in turn, rotate inside the stationary ring gear. The ring equipment is section of the gearbox housing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts connected to the earth carrier and cause the earth carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the result shaft. The gearbox gives the result shaft higher torque and lower rpm.